What do you feed and care for a Koi fish?
With a good balance of plants, you should only need to feed Koi for your enjoyment and to attract the fish closer.Without plants in the pond, Koi fish are dependent on you to provide them. Plants provide them shade and hiding spots from predators as well as food.
How often can you feed Koi fish?
If you decide to feed your fish, do so up to twice per week. Fish do not know the feeling of “fullness” and will eat until they die. Koi fish can become overweight, which can cause health problems or death. When you do feed your fish, don’t give them much more than a handful at a time. You may even find most of this food in the skimmer unit – don’t worry, your fish are getting plenty. If there are plants in the pond, they don’t need much food at all. They will get used to you feeding them and may eventually eat out of your hand!
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When do I feed them?
Make sure to only feed your Koi fish during the warm parts of the year, when fish are active. Once the weather gets too cold, the fish slow down their bodies, starting a type of hibernation. Once the water temperature reaches about 50 degrees, stop feeding your fish entirely. Koi fish will continue to eat, though they cannot properly digest the food in this environment. The food will cause decay, and the fish will die.
What if I don’t have or want plants?
If you really don’t want plants, you can feed the fish once a day, but NOT in the winter. Even without plants, feeding in the colder weather can cause Koi fish to die.