What is a Pond Ecosystem? A Pond Ecosystem is a pond that works with and for nature. A Pond Ecosystem works with the natural environment to provide food, shelter and protection to the wildlife around it.
HOW DOES A POND ECOSYSTEM WORK?
- The fish nibble on the plant life (and everything else), including the algae.
- In turn, the fish produce waste that, along with other forms of natural debris, fall to the pond’s bottom.
- Debris is broken down by the aerobic bacteria and the other microorganisms colonized on the rocks and gravel all over the pond bottom.
- Once broken down, these substances are absorbed as nutrition by the plants.
- The plants grow and are once again nibbled on by the fish … ’round and ’round it goes, infinitely.
It’s important to have certain elements, however, and to use them together so that the system won’t become unbalanced. There are five main elements needed by the pond for a low maintenance ecosystem.
Here are the five elements considered necessary for a low maintenance pond ecosystem:
1. Pond Ecosystem Filtration System
AquaReale installs a two part filtration system: biological filter and a mechanical filter.
- A BioFalls® (biological filter) provides surface area for beneficial bacteria to colonize and remove excess nutrients from the water.
- A Skimmer (mechanical filter) will not only pre-filter the water and house the pump; it will also skim debris from the water’s surface to prevent the accumulation of organic materials on the pond floor.
2. Pond Ecosystem Rocks and Gravel
Rocks and gravel protect pond liners from UV light degradation. They also provide a large surface area for beneficial bacteria to break down excess nutrients in the water and dissolved organic debris on the pond floor. This is a important step in an ecosystem pond.
3.Pond Ecosystem Recirculation System
This is just another term for what we call the pumps and plumbing
The proper size pump and pipe diameter are extremely important for the aesthetics of a water feature. More importantly, an efficient circulation system will keep the water moving and provide the necessary oxygen levels for healthy fish and plants.
4. Pond Ecosystem Fish
Fish are a huge part of any natural pond ecosystem. They eat algae and other items on the pond floor, helping ponds stay healthy and clean. Fish are also very fun; Koi fish can even be trained to take food from your hand! Fish are exciting for children and can be a great introduction for kids and nature.
5. Pond Ecosystem Aquatic Plants
Plants act as nature’s true filter, doing many services to your pond. They add character, color and dimensions to a pond, as well as help with filtering. Plants are crucial to an ecosystem pond. They thrive on excess nutrients, naturally filtering the water to help keep algae to a minimum.
So, in a naturally balanced water garden, you have this never-ending aquatic circle of life where all parts complement the others, and play critical roles in the pond’s natural born harmony.
Contact us for more information and to see how we can help you create your own natural pond ecosystem.